THIS IS THE HISTORY PAGE - REPORTS FROM 2012 and 2013
Meetings of the BSAP South West Section at Ringwood
Saturday 11th February 2012
A somewhat disappointing attendance to the first meeting of the new year, but no doubt the changeable
weather had something to do with this, it was a shame because the subject was one that should be very
dear to all our hearts, that of "Issues of Philatelic Conservation". Our speaker Paul Skinner FRPSL is
the Assistant Curator of the British Library Philatelic Collections and started his presentation with a brief
look at the work that is involved with conserving stamps and philatelic documents for future generations.
He then went on to talk about the ideal environment, suggesting that collections should be stored at 18
centigrade with a relative humidity between 55 and 60%. Outside of these conditions material can run
the risk of fungal growth which can lead to foxing.
Paul then went onto discuss lighting stating that obviously complete darkness was the the best but was
not totally possible when you show your collection to your fellow collectors. Obviously one needs light,
but light intensity should not be above 50 lux, which in layman's terms is 50 candles at one metre. It was
disturbing to hear that at one big International show the light intensity in the display area was way over a
Next to be discussed was a paper saying that the pH of our album pages should be between
6.0 and 8.5, pH is the measure of the extent to which material is acidic or alkaline.
Paper that is acidic tends to go brown and philatelic material can suffer, the most obvious examples of this
are postal stationery (post cards) which can be so bad that the cards life can be restricted to only a few years.
Paul suggested that we should ask when buying our philatelic accessories like album pages which should
comply to the ISO 9706 standard for permanent paper. A great deal has been written about protectors in
the stamp world but museums and libraries only use products made from polyester, without static coatings
and the products made with Myler or Melinex are strongly recommended, Paul said never use PVC which
can ooze plasticisers and forms acid as it decomposes
Gum was discussed at some length and it was soon obvious that the correct storage was vital when considering
gum, when the storage is too dry the gum can crack. Modern stamps which are self adhesive could also be
a problem in the future and are creating major conservation concerns. Products such as Sellotape and other
similar products are to be avoided at all costs as they create brown stains which cannot be removed.
Paul touched on physical damage stating that collections should be stored away from silverfish, insects and
other vermin as this physical damage is impossible to repair. He went on to say that any philatelic material
that needed any treatments should be referred to a paper conservator
In conclusion, Paul said we were only custodians of our material and we were responsible to conserve it for
Chairman Colin Mount said during his vote of thanks, that Paul had again opened our eyes
to this considerable problem that we all face and thanked him for a most interesting and informative afternoon.
Report of the South West BSAP Meeting on the 14th April 2012
Members and guests were entertained by the President John Crowe who had travelled over from Kent to
provide us with an excellent display of Australia and the Olympic Games. John told the story of how
the Olympic movement started and illustrated this with many covers, postmarks and stamps many of
which were very difficult to obtain.
The 2012-2013 Programme
|Saturday 10th November 2012
||Mike and Neville Carr from the Isle of Wight
||"The Carr Brothers Entertain"
|Saturday 9th February 2013
||Tom Gillespie FBSAP from Bognor Regis
|"The Stamps & Postal History of Western Australia"
|Saturday 6th April 2013
||John Crowe, BSAP President, from Sevenoaks
||"From Cook to Qantas"
Saturday 10th November 2012
Mike & Neville Carr from the Isle of Wight
"The Carr Brothers Entertain"
The first 2012-2013 meeting of the South West Branch was a very special one when two members from the Isle of Wight gave their very first displays to the society.
Mike and Neville Carr have attended most of the South West meetings since it started over 12 years ago and had decided to entertain us with a selection of their Australian interests. Neville was first up and gave a comprehensive introduction to the Recess printed issues of 1913, this included a history of the changeover from the various State issues to the Kangaroo design and then onto the King George V 1d Recess issue with all its problems regarding the time it took to produce. Neville went into the printing and the drying of the sheets which once dried had then to be gummed and dried again and were then perforated on an 11 gauge line machine. All this was carried out at the Note Printing Branch.
After tea the second half was started by one of our members David Ashby from Downton who had brought along 16 sheets of some very early New South Wales which was destined for the auction house and this was possibly the last chance we had to see this material.
Next up was Mike Carr who is doing a detailed study of the outback explorers from 1813 through to 1870. Mike discussed the research needed to progress this study and whilst this is very much work in progress it was quite fascinating to hear how Mike was proposing to develop his display.
Neville then came back to finish up the afternoon with a interesting display of the surface printed King George V Heads describing how electrotype printings were much softer and prone to wear and as the electrotype plates wore out they were replaced with steel plates made by Perkins Bacon.
This afternoon created a great deal of discussion amongst the members and it was most pleasing to see just what the BSAP is all about, not just stamps and postal history but great friendships being extended and this was to carry on into the evening when 14 members stayed on to continue chatting over supper. Mike and Neville are to be congratulated on a most interesting and entertaining afternoon.
Saturday 9th February 2013
Tom Gillespie FBSAP from Bognor Regis
"The Stamps & Postal History of Western Australia"
On the the 19th February 17 members and guests gathered at the Greyfriars Community Centre at Ringwood to see a display of "The Stamps of Western Australia" given by Tom Gillespie. This area of philately is often overlooked and one could understand why when Tom started to present his display. The famous "Black Swan" was first issued in 1854 and was the forerunner of a number of issues presented in a number of various frame formats. Western Australia was the first colony to have its stamps printed abroad. The1d black swan was printed in England and as it was soon discovered that one value was not enough and there was not sufficient time to order stamps to the value of 4d and 1s from England so arrangements were made to have them produced locally.
Transfers of the swan only were sent to Perth and various frame types were created . Eventually the government lithographer was able to create lithographic stones from which the new stamps could be printed. Apart from some local rouletting and perforating, stamps were not generally available perforated until 1861. Interestingly the very first Western Australian stamps were printed on watermarked paper that depicted a swan. Tom talked at some length about the many shades of red and how very confusing they could be. Many block of both mint and used were on show together with an interesting section on early W.A. postal stationery. Tom finished up with a small section showing the stamp issued in 1954 to commemorate the Western Australian Postage Stamp Centenary.
Dr Pat Reid giving a vote of thanks stated that Tom had created a great amount of interest in these stamps and congratulated him on presenting such a difficult area.
Saturday 6th April 2013
John Crowe, BSAP President, from Sevenoaks
"From Cook to Qantas"
Members and guests gathered at the Greyfriars Community Centre at Ringwood in Hampshire for a welcome return vist by our President John Crowe. His presentation was entitled "From Cook to Quantas". He started by describing the achievements of Captain James Cook which was illustrated
with stamps, covers and photographs. The display covered his early life, his three world voyages in
1768-71, 1772-75 and 1776-79 and his death in Hawaii in February 1799 in a fracas with the "natives", a very sad end to a remarkable man.
John then went on to display pioneer flights of the England-Australia route from 1919 to 1934. This included covers carried by Ross Smith, Alan Cobham, Bert Hinkler, Charles Kingsford Smith, Charles Scott, Jean Batten and a number of other less well-known pilots. In 1919 Ross Smith and his crew flew from Hounslow to Darwin in 28 days; in 1934 Charles Scott and Tom Campbell Black flew from Mildenhall in Suffolk to Mebourne in less than 3 days, quite remarkable progress in just 15 years.
The second half of John's display began with the development of commercial flights of the England-Australia route from the RAF's Cairo-Baghdad service in 1921 to the regular weekly service by Imperial Airways and Qantas Empire Airways in December 1934. (Qantas Empire Airways was a 50:50 company owned by Imperial Airways and Qantas). This led to the question - why did Imperial Airways choose Qantas as its partner when there were several other Australian companies that they
might have chosen?
John then went on to show flight covers illustrating just what Qantas had achieved since its incorporation in 1920. By 1934 it was operating a 1,500 mile network in Queensland, with an excellent record for reliability and safety and this, no doubt was what had impressed Imperial Airways.
A wonderful display with much information together with a vast array of
very scarce material.
Alan Whittaker gave the vote of thanks.
The 2013-2014 Programme
|Saturday 9th November 2013
||David Ashby from Downton
"19th Century New Zealand and Australian Postal History"
|Saturday 8th February 2014
||Brian Hunt from Bridport
|"Australian King George V"
|Saturday 12th April 2014
||Colin Mount, FBSAP FRPSL
||"Our President Entertains" -
The story of the early development of the King George V 1d Red
November 9th 2013
"19th Century New Zealand and Australian Postal History"
Thirteen members and one guest assembled at the Greyfriars Centre at Ringwood to witness a
superb display given by David Ashby from Downton in Wiltshire. The title of his afternoon display was "19th Century New Zealand and Australian Postal History". We had been promised a remarkable display and it certainly was. David started with a map showing the various routes taken by the Toulmins Packet Service and displayed several entires which included a first packet sailing from Australia in 1846, a Missionary letter from Raratona, Cook Islands some 3,000 miles east of Sydney together with the first 5 Toulmins routed via India to connect with P&O.
A selection of Riverina entires from 1865 to 1871 franked NSW and Victoria and an 1879 entire franked NSW and SA. Then followed a selection mail carried by Clipper during the early 1850's this included a Schomberg wreck cover. David then showed another map with routes used during the pioneer steam period, illustrated with many entires this included a letter carried on the Cleopatra which the late Trevor Davis maintained was one of only three known.
The European & Australian contract was discussed and included a quote from Colin Tabeart's book Australia, New Zealand, UK Mails Vol. 1 to 1880, quoting specifically from the chapter on this line, "The whole concept of the European and Australian contract was crazy. There was already an excellent service between Southampton and Galle, and indeed as far as Singapore. All that was needed was a service to link either port with Australian prime centres of population; P&O had already offered to do just that for £84,000 a year. Instead the contracting parties ended up with a full service between England and Australia that duplicated the P&O service for much of its length, at a cost of £185,000 instead of £85,000 and they failed to deliver a satisfactory service". The E&A's major mistake was to agree to a contract that was impossible to achieve with the technology that was then available and to penalty clauses that were too harsh. When the Admiralty sought tenders for the steamship contract at the end of the Crimean War early in 1856 only P&O and E&A considered the contract but P&O withdrew owing to the impossible timetable and the penalties that were threatened. David then showed a number of entires that had been carried on the various routes by E&A. and then went onto the inaugural sailing by Salsette by P&O (1859-75) and its monopoly of the via Suez route although the canal wasn't until 1883 and only then because of the war in Egypt.
The display continued with many rare entires and covers far too numerous to list but on giving a vote of thanks South West Chairman Colin Mount asked Colin Tabeart to sum up this remakable display and Colin said it stands as one of the finest collections of its type and it is unlikly that you will see such a collection of so many fine and rare items in one display again.
Saturday 8th February 2014
- "Australian King George V"
The stormy weather had a major effect on the numbers attending when only nine members and guests were at Ringwood to see the presentation given by member Brian Hunt from Bridport.
Brian had travelled up from Dorset to present his display entitled "Australia - King George V".
His presentation started with the story behind the first Kangaroo & Map series.
A stamp design competition held in 1911 was won by Herman Altman but his design was rejected when the new Postmaster-General, C.F. Frazer was appointed in October 1911.
As a result, Australian artist Blamire Young was commissioned to produce new designs, no details of these are known and Young's exact role in the development of the Kangaroo and Map
design is obscure but following the release of the proposed design in April 1912, the Postmaster stated that " the approved design was a combination of ideas, and is not the work of any one person in particular".
At this point Brian showed a commemorative miniature sheet depicting Blamire Young, he then went on to show a comprehensive display of the various Kangaroo values. He then proceeded to present the engraved 1914 1d issue of the King George V head
issued in December 1913 and the 6d Kookaburra issued in August 1914 both issues being printed by T.S.Harrison at the Note Printing Branch in Melbourne.
This was followed with a comprehensive display of the surface printed George V heads, all the values were shown and the various watermarks were discussed.
Brian then took a look at the other issues of the KGV reign starting with the first commemorative stamp issued by Australia, the 1927 Opening of Canberra Parliament House.
The 1929 Airmail issue, the 1929 Centenary of Western Australia, 1930 Centenary of Sturt's Exploration then followed, in fact all the issues of the reign including the 1935 Silver Jubilee of King George V which was issued on the 2nd May 1935 and shows the King mounted on his black charger "Anzac" a gift from the Australian Government. King George V died on the 20th January 1936 aged 70 years.
BSAP National President Colin Mount when giving the vote of thanks said that this was what our society is all about, many members have great collections and very rarely display them to the membership and he congratulated Brian on a very entertaining afternoon.
Saturday 12th April 2014
Colin Mount - "Our President Entertains" -
The story of the early development of the King George V 1d Red
A fine crowd of 17 members gathered at Ringwood to see Colin Mount’s long-awaited President’s Display, the planned previous outing having been derailed by the prospect of a Tube strike.
Colin introduced his subject, the GV 1d Red, as “The most studied stamp on the planet”, and said that new flaws are still being found. He thinks he has inspected around 750,000 examples.
When he worked in Cambridge in the mid sixties, he joined the Cambridge Philatelic Society and met Derrick Ray, who persuaded him to join the BSAP, and he has not looked back since.
Looking at the early development of the stamp, the first was the 1d recess printed but this
took far too long to print the number required daily so it was decided to produce them by the letterpress method.
The consensus is that much design work was done by De la Rue, but a better price for the job was offered by Perkins Bacon. He showed a fine example of the Die Proof (ex Peter Bolton) and an example of the ‘Prancing Horse’ essay, followed by examples of Plate Proofs, a diagram showing the plate layout and a photo of the printing press.
Colin explained how the so-called “Die II” came about, showed us examples of CA/JBC monograms in the margin (Commonwealth of Australia/J B Cooke). Early printings were both line and comb perforated, but the comb perforated stamps were not issued until November 1914. We saw a range of perforation and watermark varieties.
During WWI, different papers were used because of supply problems, and this affected the colour. The thickness varied between 7 and 14 microns. The preferred source of paper arranged through De la Rue was Plaxtol Mill, near Sevenoaks. Photo’s of the manufacturing process was shown.
In 1918, there was a trial printing on multiple watermark paper (just before Cooke was sacked for evasion of Customs Duty on machinery). Cooke was succeeded by Harrison. We saw examples of ‘office repairs’ to perforations to ensure that the paper was not wasted.
Colin noted that the ‘CNE’ flaw, although well-known, was not plated until 2005 some ninety years after it was issued.
This was followed by examples of coils, coil joins, booklet panes, ‘Tin Shed’ flaws, OS perfins, including doubles, NSW and T perfins and flaws from dirty plates and a fine example of a “Make Ready” attempt that had moved.
A study of the shades then followed, including a certificated copy of the Eosin dye, followed by variations arising from paper thickness together with the standard shade collection purchased from the Estate of H. J. Eldridge (ex J. Williamson).
The first part concluded with Scans of the Die III proofs, with a comment that only a small number of Die III stamps were perfinned for official purposes.
The second half followed with a comprehensive display of all the major and more popular plate varieties which included the “Rusted Clichés” and the “Substituted Clichés“.
Colin then explained the complex system adopted to substitute the clichés and the reason for the rapid deteriation of the clichés following their substitution.
Several of the varieties were included used on cover and a well explained presentation of the various stages of a “Make Ready” on the “Ferns Flaw” variety.
A fine display of the various types of Postal Stationery produced using the same Die as was used to produce the stamps rounded off a most enjoyable afternoon.
Former “1d Red” collector Tony Finlayson gave the vote of thanks, congratulating Colin on a fine, informative and entertaining display, and said that Colin follows a number of very prominent collectors studying this remarkable stamp.
|Colin starting his talk
||Colin under way!
Dr Pat Reid
The 2014-2015 Programme
|Saturday 1st November 2014
||Malcolm Price from Hurstpierpoint
Ken Killeen FBSAP from Newport, IOW
|"B.C.O.F. Japan from an Australian Perspective"
"Uncommon Australian Postal History"
|Saturday 7th February 2015
Ben Palmer FRPSL from Cavendish Auction Gallery
|"New South Wales Letter and Printed Matter Rates 1850-1912"
|Saturday 11th April 2015
||Colin Mount, FBSAP FRPSL
||"Our President Entertains"
Saturday 1st November 2014
Malcolm Price from Hurstpierpoint - "B.C.O.F. Japan from an Australian Perspective"
Malcolm Price began the afternoon meeting with his presentation on the British Colonial Occupational Forces, Japan from an Australian Perspective. The Potsdam Declaration of 26 July 1945, followed by the Japanese Surrender on 2 September 1945 set the scene for the BCOF to take control of Japan. This resulted in a varied assortment of now rare postal stationery being used, which formed the content of Malcolm’s display. There was mail to and from the vessels in the harbours around the country, POW mail, mail relating to repatriation, and associated Red Cross mail. He included examples of airmails using the flying boats, as well as examples of commercial mail accepted by the Forces, and inward mail to Japan, all forming this amazing display which had taken six years to accumulate and write up.
|Malcolm explaining his display
||The Hurry Hurry "Hubba Hubba" Covers
Ken Killeen FBSAP from Newport, IOW
"Uncommon Australian Postal History"
Ken Killeen also put up six frames of philatelic material, the first four relating to “Uncomon Australian Postal History”. Starting in Queensland, he explained how the myriad ways the receiving offices set up all over the State cancelled their mail, before it was sent to Brisbane for franking and delivery. All covers are now very scarce. Frame 2 gave examples of obliterators used in Brisbane, 1873 damaged letter marked “Received Torn, Brisbane”, and told the story of one letter which travelled 1,700 miles around the state before reaching its destination, on 400 miles away. Brisbane Railway Station was the hub where the Post Office was located, and he then showed examples of a TPO with a chain letter asking recipients to send their used stamps back in order to fund a Children’s Home.
The last two frames were used to display rare post office items from the Isle of Wight. This included mail dried out in Southampton after the sinking of the SS Eider and being under water for six weeks, and damaged mail from a ship blown up en-route from Portsmouth to the Isle of Wight. Mail from Osborne House including two original items written by Queen Victoria and Prince Albert were on display. Finally he showed examples of private stamps used from the rocket mail trials; and closed with other post office material such as the Licence for use of display of armorial items, keeping a dog and employing a male servant.
Ken with his display
|The wreck of the SS Eider
||Brisbane Railway Station (Post Office)
|The 1,700 mile route
||The Printed Multi-purpose Licence, 1924
Chris Wheeler, 2 November 2014
Saturday 7th February 2015
Ben Palmer FRPSL from Cavendish Auction Gallery
"New South Wales Letter and Printed Matter Rates 1850-1912"
A splendid crowd of 19 members gathered at the Greyfriars Centre to see Ben Palmer’s display. Introducing him, Colin Mount reminded us that he is a distinguished philatelist, being entitled to use the initials FRPSL and APR (Australian Philatelic Researcher) after his name, as well as being a Fellow of the Royal Sydney Philatelic Society and a National Judge (both in the UK and Australia). He is also a Director of Cavendish.
Ben explained that he was an Exhibitor rather than a Collector, and he sought and bought items specifically to enhance exhibits. His first Gold Medal Collection was formed by 2006. He acknowledged that his trade contacts helped him source material.
The display was entitled “NSW Letter and Printed Matter Rates 1850-1912”. The NSW postal reforms of 1849 simplified the postage rates and the postal system. The Sydney Views were issued in three denominations: 1d for local (drop) letters; 2d for Inland Mail and 3d for Ship Letters. Supporting this we were shown town mails followed by mails to: Victoria Port Philip; Queensland; Moreton Bay; Tasmania; South Australia and Swan River (Western Australia).. These were followed by Riverina Combination covers (used because delivery was quicker) and Pacific mail to: New Zealand; Pacific Islands; Fiji; German New Guinea, New Caledonia; Samoa; Tonga and Hawaii. Asian Mail included items to: Netherlands Indies; the Phillipines; Hong Kong; China; Indo-China; India and Ceylon. Next, mail to the Middle East and Africa include items to: Algeria, Morocco; Niger (Old Calabar) Aden; Cape of Good Hope; Natal, Orange River Colony Mauritius and Réunion.
Finally he turned to mail to Great Britain (which comprised 95-98% of the total). Full prepayment was only required from 1853, so we saw a range of rates over different time spans. These included: part paid mail; mail via Marseilles (about 5 days quicker than the long sea route, though more expensive); a combination cover via Melbourne. Particular highlights were: a quadruple rate cover plus 6d Late Fee; an 1857 cover via Marseilles at the quarter ounce rate plus 6d Late Fee, redirected to Rome; an 1861 military cover countersigned but not sent via the Post Office, taxed 2d on delivery. During the Franco-Prussian War, Marseilles was closed (this was not known in Australia) and mail was diverted via Brindisi, but surcharged a single rate. He showed the only recorded amended Brindisi cachet.
The second part concentrated on Australia – Europe and the Rest of the World mail. Some mail from the Australian States has been left out as a (large) number of covers exist that have been forged or tampered with (caveat emptor!). The write-up indicates the rarity of items. France: examples were shown of different rates at different times and additive rates. From the 1870s each colony (state) was allowed to go their own way on postal rates. Between 1870 and 1891, when all the colonies joined the UPU, covers showing double rates; Registration; taxing and Late Fee are all scarce. Among the covers shown was the only recorded double example of the 1½d handstamp.
Additional material was shown going to: Netherlands; Thurn & Taxis; Bavaria; Prussia; Schleswig Holstein and Hanover. Many of these were treated as unpaid as the prepayment was not recognised. A cover to Austria was the earliest fully prepaid cover from NSW sent overseas. Additional destinations represented were: Switzerland; Sardinia; Italy; Roumania; Greece; Turkey; Portugal; Spain; Montenegro; Russia; Finland; Denmark and Sweden.
Moving to South and Central America and the Caribbean; we were shown mails to :Brazil, Dutch Guiana; Argentina; Chile; Uruguay; Bolivia; Ecuador; Paraguay; Peru , Colombia, Mexico and Panama. In the Caribbean, we were shown a cover to Nevis; a remarkably well-travelled cover to Haiti (the addressee had died, so the cover, having travelled out via San Francisco and New York, was returned via New York and the first voyage from Vancouver); mails to Jamaica, Guadeloupe and the Turks & Caicos Islands. Finally, North America. We saw the only recorded covers to Nova Scotia and British Columbia; also mails to Canada, the USA and New Brunswick including a combination cover from Great Britain to NSW to San Francisco.
Colin Mount gave the vote of thanks, commenting that as the material was written up for competition at the highest level, it was easy to follow and a great pleasure to see and enjoy.
Ben Palmer giving his display